Implications for the FutureWORKING

Work has been a significant part of our past, our present, and will be a A significant part of our future. Work has many meanings that are involved influenced by the values and philosophies of the individuals involved.

We spend a large portion of our time in preparing for work and doing work. The American Dream begins and ends with a job that permits development of social status and participation in the l ate activities of our culture.


There were that deal with the time and aspects of work. There are terms that deal with the content of work has positions and
These terms define the role of work in the culture of the United States.

Gowder and Legged conclude that work and have become
a terms and that moment mas actual whereby individuals wended for work They feel that the concept of cancer have embedded in the
works We can save any pose Work can benefit the individual the family, and the city.

The work has been wed from economic Capuchin and social perspectives. The correlates an u ally exclusive under individuals would work for one purpose format people the critical questions relate to identifying a career path and determining how they dumb the carrier How do they acquire the sols needed to progress in a chosen cardImplications for the Future

Work has psychological needs. Our self-esteem and career self-con cept can be enhanced through work. Some theorists such as Holland (19851 Super L and Crites (1981) feel that career choice reflects our well-concept and we develop personal identity through our career choice


Historically work has had a variety of meanings to people at different times and places. Some think work is play, others think play is work. The National Vocational Guidance Action NVGA dossary of terms defines work as a conscious Cort, other than having its primary purpose either coping or relaxation aimed at producing benefits for oneself or others Sears, 1981.

Super 1980 defines work as the systematic pursuit of an active valued by oneself even if only for survival and desired by others; directed and consecutive requires the expenditure of effort p. 142. It may become and work
uncompensated volunteer work or an avocation.

The objective may be of the work is the structure given by the work role, the economies support that work makes pose, or the type of leisure allowed United States has its roots in the Protestant work.

The ethic emphasis that the work individuals can achieve and Luther preached that all work was God’s work all work was important The Pant Reformation devoted work to until the Romance that work was create foment.

The philosophy of work in the man was that one should work industry and hard Hard work was wasted to worldly achievements, individuality Kanchi 1991 The ethic is also reflected by our contemporary attitudes toward the employed and those on welfareImplications for the Future

Another work this materialistic, which means that is more in and more positive for an individual with a prestige ting than others  ides for a higher level of salary. The materials the post states that can access will b e action and that have de satisfaction without music individuals in the own interests attitude and moods to the work . In seine m each individuals to physical.
Another work ethic is cloth.

Ayob is so interested to the work ask for the worker a variety of skills, be according to the values of society and provide autonomy for the work. The more workers make their own decisions, the more autonomy they have and the more meaning the job is to them.

Feedback systems are also important in develop in employee performance Feedback tells individuals how well they are doing and helps individuals feel the is important. Now, workers satisfaction of their own desires in their work, which they feel is an expression of their personal values and needs.

Goeman (1993) states that the term values describes the attitudes, beliefs, pinnies, hopes, fears, prejudices, needs, desires, and aspirations that taken together govern how on behaves, and that one’s internal set of values finds holistic expression in lifestyle”

Ludeman (1989) has another view of current work ethics and describes the worth ethic as adults coming to the workplace with new expectations and expecting work to include personal satisfaction, a chance to be their best on the band an opportunity to make a contribution Workers influenced by this this choose job satisfaction over job security.

Kanchier 1991) states that traditional career paths are being altered currently people have to learn new attitudes and patterns of coping new values, and new skills. More workers are influenced by the total self-body, mind emotion, and spirit and work by al criteria and its action and loss by status Different ethics have been coupon by different Blue collar workers may tend to be med by the Protestant work ethic and young professionals and by scipowth ethic. Professionals 35 may tend to be more materialistic

Conflict among the three this can can and lead people to clarify the we brothers think and Flock (1920 points out that values and this are largely a product of the time in which the individual new up. The values of older workers  from the young workers, traditionalists were d e s Challenge for example con display like and other and openly t h e fines Work is coming to change and work ethics. One problem that there are contacting philosophic toward work.Implications for the Future

Why  Work does not lead to satisfaction

Many of the people think that will be able in the year 2000 will be low pain in types of that will be We suspect that individuals lowing the self-growth this will not be omitted in working

Yankovich (1982) asked workers to choose which of the career concepts most matched their personal view. They ranked first that people work.

Economics Geography
Perspective Career as a status Career as a hostage Career as a labor market function Career as a response to geographic factors Career as a come of historical outcomes of people and event Career as a vocation Career as a means for selection Career as a function of developmental stages Career as a social mobility Career as the unfolding of social roles

Psychology Sociology

highly educated adults rather work in career that provide them an opportunity to express themselves and make meaningful contributions to society. With cessions and downsizing and the like, many workers can only consider basic survival needs and have to make rapid and sweeping changes in their lives.Implications for the Future

Super 1976 defines came as the composts copied by prons throughout their preoccupational, occupational, and postupational cumined the various career soles persons occupy during their work watching student worker, homemaker or family member stands.